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nginx和php整合安装过程记录 Web程序

标签:reason   base   named   nod   fast   cut   col   integer   launch   

1.nginx的配置;必须是指定 www用户 和www用户组访问

groupadd www

useradd -g www www

[email protected]:~$ cat /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
user www www;
worker_processes auto;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections 768;
    # multi_accept on;
}

http {


    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    tcp_nodelay on;
    keepalive_timeout 65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;
    # server_tokens off;

    # server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
    # server_name_in_redirect off;

    include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;



    access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;


    gzip on;
    gzip_disable "msie6";

    server 
    {
        listen 1180;
        server_name localhost;
        charset    utf-8;
    
        ##ssl configure                                
        #ssl                  on;                                
        #ssl_certificate      cert/lianyinggufen_com.crt;
        #ssl_certificate_key  cert/lianyinggufen_com.key;                          
        #ssl_session_timeout  5m;                                
        #ssl_protocols        SSLv3 TLSv1;                               
        #ssl_ciphers          HIGH:!ADH:!EXPORT56:RC4+RSA:+MEDIUM;       
        #ssl_prefer_server_ciphers   on;                                 
            
        ## phalcon-config
        set $root_path "/home/daokr/web";
                
        root $root_path;
        index index.php index.html index.htm;
        try_files $uri $uri/ @rewrite;
        
        #for document_root - ajax request
        location /
        {
            rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?_url=$1;
            }
        
        #for all others
        location @rewrite 
        {
            #rewrite ^/(.*)$ /index.php?_url=$1;
        }
        
               location ~ \.php 
        {
            # try_files $uri=404;
            #fastcgi_index index.php;
            
            #fiastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
            include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
            #fpm的运行路径
                    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
            
                    #include fastcgi_params;
            #fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
            #fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
            #fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED $document_root$fastcgi_path_info;
            #fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        }
        
        # cache folder
        # location ~* ^/(js|css|img|images|flv|swf|fonts|download)/(.+)$
    
        # cache file type
        location ~* .(js|css|jpg|jpeg|gif|png|flv|swf|ttf|svg|eot|woff|apk|ipa|plist)$
        {
            root $root_path;
            access_log  off;
            expires     30d;            
        }
    
        location ~ \.ico
        {
            root $root_path;
            access_log  off;
            expires     30d;            
        }
    
        location ~ /\.ht 
        {
            deny all;
        }
    }    
    
}


#mail {
#    # See sample authentication script at:
#    # http://wiki.nginx.org/ImapAuthenticateWithApachePhpScript
# 
#    # auth_http localhost/auth.php;
#    # pop3_capabilities "TOP" "USER";
#    # imap_capabilities "IMAP4rev1" "UIDPLUS";
# 
#    server {
#        listen     localhost:110;
#        protocol   pop3;
#        proxy      on;
#    }
# 
#    server {
#        listen     localhost:143;
#        protocol   imap;
#        proxy      on;
#    }
#}

 

2.配置php7.0-fpm的配置文件

[email protected]:~$ ps -aux |grep php-fpm
root     23058  0.0  0.8 119520  8648 ?        Ss   17:52   0:00 php-fpm: master process (/etc/php/7.0/fpm/php-fpm.conf)
www      23059  0.0  0.9 119704  9792 ?        S    17:52   0:00 php-fpm: pool www
www      23060  0.0  0.9 119704  9564 ?        S    17:52   0:00 php-fpm: pool www
daokr    23101  0.0  0.0   6864   808 pts/12   S+   18:01   0:00 grep --color=auto php-fpm

编辑 vim /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php-fpm.conf 配置文件

根据该文件 查看www.conf 文件

重点修改 第23行 ,24行  47行 48行

[email protected]:~$ cat /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d/www.conf 
  1 ; Start a new pool named www.
  2 ; the variable $pool can be used in any directive and will be replaced by the
  3 ; pool name (www here)
  4 [www]
  5 
  6 ; Per pool prefix
  7 ; It only applies on the following directives:
  8 ; - access.log
  9 ; - slowlog
 10 ; - listen (unixsocket)
 11 ; - chroot
 12 ; - chdir
 13 ; - php_values
 14 ; - php_admin_values
 15 ; When not set, the global prefix (or /usr) applies instead.
 16 ; Note: This directive can also be relative to the global prefix.
 17 ; Default Value: none
 18 ;prefix = /path/to/pools/$pool
 19 
 20 ; Unix user/group of processes
 21 ; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default users group
 22 ;       will be used.
 23 user = www
 24 group = www
 25 
 26 ; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests.
 27 ; Valid syntaxes are:
 28 ;   ip.add.re.ss:port    - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific IPv4 address on
 29 ;                            a specific port;
 30 ;   [ip:6:addr:ess]:port - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific IPv6 address on
 31 ;                            a specific port;
 32 ;   port                 - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses
 33 ;                            (IPv6 and IPv4-mapped) on a specific port;
 34 ;   /path/to/unix/socket - to listen on a unix socket.
 35 ; Note: This value is mandatory.
 36 listen = /run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock
 37 
 38 ; Set listen(2) backlog.
 39 ; Default Value: 511 (-1 on FreeBSD and OpenBSD)
 40 ;listen.backlog = 511
 41 
 42 ; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write
 43 ; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many
 44 ; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
 45 ; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user
 46 ;                 mode is set to 0660
 47 listen.owner = www
 48 listen.group = www
 49 ;listen.mode = 0660
 50 ; When POSIX Access Control Lists are supported you can set them using
 51 ; these options, value is a comma separated list of user/group names.
 52 ; When set, listen.owner and listen.group are ignored
 53 ;listen.acl_users =
 54 ;listen.acl_groups =
 55 
 56 ; List of addresses (IPv4/IPv6) of FastCGI clients which are allowed to connect.
 57 ; Equivalent to the FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment variable in the original
 58 ; PHP FCGI (5.2.2+). Makes sense only with a tcp listening socket. Each address
 59 ; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, connections will be
 60 ; accepted from any ip address.
 61 ; Default Value: any
 62 ;listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1
 63 
 64 ; Specify the nice(2) priority to apply to the pool processes (only if set)
 65 ; The value can vary from -19 (highest priority) to 20 (lower priority)
 66 ; Note: - It will only work if the FPM master process is launched as root
 67 ;       - The pool processes will inherit the master process priority
 68 ;         unless it specified otherwise
 69 ; Default Value: no set
 70 ; process.priority = -19
 71 
 72 ; Choose how the process manager will control the number of child processes.
 73 ; Possible Values:
 74 ;   static  - a fixed number (pm.max_children) of child processes;
 75 ;   dynamic - the number of child processes are set dynamically based on the
 76 ;             following directives. With this process management, there will be
 77 ;             always at least 1 children.
 78 ;             pm.max_children      - the maximum number of children that can
 79 ;                                    be alive at the same time.
 80 ;             pm.start_servers     - the number of children created on startup.
 81 ;             pm.min_spare_servers - the minimum number of children in idle
 82 ;                                    state (waiting to process). If the number
 83 ;                                    of idle processes is less than this
 84 ;                                    number then some children will be created.
 85 ;             pm.max_spare_servers - the maximum number of children in idle
 86 ;                                    state (waiting to process). If the number
 87 ;                                    of idle processes is greater than this
 88 ;                                    number then some children will be killed.
 89 ;  ondemand - no children are created at startup. Children will be forked when
 90 ;             new requests will connect. The following parameter are used:
 91 ;             pm.max_children           - the maximum number of children that
 92 ;                                         can be alive at the same time.
 93 ;             pm.process_idle_timeout   - The number of seconds after which
 94 ;                                         an idle process will be killed.
 95 ; Note: This value is mandatory.
 96 pm = dynamic
 97 
 98 ; The number of child processes to be created when pm is set to static and the
 99 ; maximum number of child processes when pm is set to dynamic or ondemand.
100 ; This value sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be
101 ; served. Equivalent to the ApacheMaxClients directive with mpm_prefork.
102 ; Equivalent to the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment variable in the original PHP
103 ; CGI. The below defaults are based on a server without much resources. Dont
104 ; forget to tweak pm.* to fit your needs.
105 ; Note: Used when pm is set to static, dynamic or ondemand
106 ; Note: This value is mandatory.
107 pm.max_children = 5
108 
109 ; The number of child processes created on startup.
110 ; Note: Used only when pm is set to dynamic
111 ; Default Value: min_spare_servers + (max_spare_servers - min_spare_servers) / 2
112 pm.start_servers = 2
113 
114 ; The desired minimum number of idle server processes.
115 ; Note: Used only when pm is set to dynamic
116 ; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to dynamic
117 pm.min_spare_servers = 1
118 
119 ; The desired maximum number of idle server processes.
120 ; Note: Used only when pm is set to dynamic
121 ; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to dynamic
122 pm.max_spare_servers = 3
123 
124 ; The number of seconds after which an idle process will be killed.
125 ; Note: Used only when pm is set to ondemand
126 ; Default Value: 10s
127 ;pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s;
128 
129 ; The number of requests each child process should execute before respawning.
130 ; This can be useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries. For
131 ; endless request processing specify 0. Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS.
132 ; Default Value: 0
133 ;pm.max_requests = 500
134 
135 ; The URI to view the FPM status page. If this value is not set, no URI will be
136 ; recognized as a status page. It shows the following informations:
137 ;   pool                 - the name of the pool;
138 ;   process manager      - static, dynamic or ondemand;
139 ;   start time           - the date and time FPM has started;
140 ;   start since          - number of seconds since FPM has started;
141 ;   accepted conn        - the number of request accepted by the pool;
142 ;   listen queue         - the number of request in the queue of pending
143 ;                          connections (see backlog in listen(2));
144 ;   max listen queue     - the maximum number of requests in the queue
145 ;                          of pending connections since FPM has started;
146 ;   listen queue len     - the size of the socket queue of pending connections;
147 ;   idle processes       - the number of idle processes;
148 ;   active processes     - the number of active processes;
149 ;   total processes      - the number of idle + active processes;
150 ;   max active processes - the maximum number of active processes since FPM
151 ;                          has started;
152 ;   max children reached - number of times, the process limit has been reached,
153 ;                          when pm tries to start more children (works only for
154 ;                          pm dynamic and ondemand);
155 ; Value are updated in real time.
156 ; Example output:
157 ;   pool:                 www
158 ;   process manager:      static
159 ;   start time:           01/Jul/2011:17:53:49 +0200
160 ;   start since:          62636
161 ;   accepted conn:        190460
162 ;   listen queue:         0
163 ;   max listen queue:     1
164 ;   listen queue len:     42
165 ;   idle processes:       4
166 ;   active processes:     11
167 ;   total processes:      15
168 ;   max active processes: 12
169 ;   max children reached: 0
170 ;
171 ; By default the status page output is formatted as text/plain. Passing either
172 ; html, xml or json in the query string will return the corresponding
173 ; output syntax. Example:
174 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status
175 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?json
176 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?html
177 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?xml
178 ;
179 ; By default the status page only outputs short status. Passing full in the
180 ; query string will also return status for each pool process.
181 ; Example:
182 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?full
183 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?json&full
184 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?html&full
185 ;   http://www.foo.bar/status?xml&full
186 ; The Full status returns for each process:
187 ;   pid                  - the PID of the process;
188 ;   state                - the state of the process (Idle, Running, ...);
189 ;   start time           - the date and time the process has started;
190 ;   start since          - the number of seconds since the process has started;
191 ;   requests             - the number of requests the process has served;
192 ;   request duration     - the duration in μs of the requests;
193 ;   request method       - the request method (GET, POST, ...);
194 ;   request URI          - the request URI with the query string;
195 ;   content length       - the content length of the request (only with POST);
196 ;   user                 - the user (PHP_AUTH_USER) (or - if not set);
197 ;   script               - the main script called (or - if not set);
198 ;   last request cpu     - the %cpu the last request consumed
199 ;                          its always 0 if the process is not in Idle state
200 ;                          because CPU calculation is done when the request
201 ;                          processing has terminated;
202 ;   last request memory  - the max amount of memory the last request consumed
203 ;                          its always 0 if the process is not in Idle state
204 ;                          because memory calculation is done when the request
205 ;                          processing has terminated;
206 ; If the process is in Idle state, then informations are related to the
207 ; last request the process has served. Otherwise informations are related to
208 ; the current request being served.
209 ; Example output:
210 ;   ************************
211 ;   pid:                  31330
212 ;   state:                Running
213 ;   start time:           01/Jul/2011:17:53:49 +0200
214 ;   start since:          63087
215 ;   requests:             12808
216 ;   request duration:     1250261
217 ;   request method:       GET
218 ;   request URI:          /test_mem.php?N=10000
219 ;   content length:       0
220 ;   user:                 -
221 ;   script:               /home/fat/web/docs/php/test_mem.php
222 ;   last request cpu:     0.00
223 ;   last request memory:  0
224 ;
225 ; Note: There is a real-time FPM status monitoring sample web page available
226 ;       Its available in: /usr/share/php/7.0/fpm/status.html
227 ;
228 ; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be
229 ;       anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it
230 ;       may conflict with a real PHP file.
231 ; Default Value: not set
232 ;pm.status_path = /status
233 
234 ; The ping URI to call the monitoring page of FPM. If this value is not set, no
235 ; URI will be recognized as a ping page. This could be used to test from outside
236 ; that FPM is alive and responding, or to
237 ; - create a graph of FPM availability (rrd or such);
238 ; - remove a server from a group if it is not responding (load balancing);
239 ; - trigger alerts for the operating team (24/7).
240 ; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be
241 ;       anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it
242 ;       may conflict with a real PHP file.
243 ; Default Value: not set
244 ;ping.path = /ping
245 
246 ; This directive may be used to customize the response of a ping request. The
247 ; response is formatted as text/plain with a 200 response code.
248 ; Default Value: pong
249 ;ping.response = pong
250 
251 ; The access log file
252 ; Default: not set
253 ;access.log = log/$pool.access.log
254 
255 ; The access log format.
256 ; The following syntax is allowed
257 ;  %%: the % character
258 ;  %C: %CPU used by the request
259 ;      it can accept the following format:
260 ;      - %{user}C for user CPU only
261 ;      - %{system}C for system CPU only
262 ;      - %{total}C  for user + system CPU (default)
263 ;  %d: time taken to serve the request
264 ;      it can accept the following format:
265 ;      - %{seconds}d (default)
266 ;      - %{miliseconds}d
267 ;      - %{mili}d
268 ;      - %{microseconds}d
269 ;      - %{micro}d
270 ;  %e: an environment variable (same as $_ENV or $_SERVER)
271 ;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the env
272 ;      variable. Some exemples:
273 ;      - server specifics like: %{REQUEST_METHOD}e or %{SERVER_PROTOCOL}e
274 ;      - HTTP headers like: %{HTTP_HOST}e or %{HTTP_USER_AGENT}e
275 ;  %f: script filename
276 ;  %l: content-length of the request (for POST request only)
277 ;  %m: request method
278 ;  %M: peak of memory allocated by PHP
279 ;      it can accept the following format:
280 ;      - %{bytes}M (default)
281 ;      - %{kilobytes}M
282 ;      - %{kilo}M
283 ;      - %{megabytes}M
284 ;      - %{mega}M
285 ;  %n: pool name
286 ;  %o: output header
287 ;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the header:
288 ;      - %{Content-Type}o
289 ;      - %{X-Powered-By}o
290 ;      - %{Transfert-Encoding}o
291 ;      - ....
292 ;  %p: PID of the child that serviced the request
293 ;  %P: PID of the parent of the child that serviced the request
294 ;  %q: the query string
295 ;  %Q: the ? character if query string exists
296 ;  %r: the request URI (without the query string, see %q and %Q)
297 ;  %R: remote IP address
298 ;  %s: status (response code)
299 ;  %t: server time the request was received
300 ;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
301 ;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
302 ;      The strftime(3) format must be encapsuled in a %{<strftime_format>}t tag
303 ;      e.g. for a ISO8601 formatted timestring, use: %{%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%z}t
304 ;  %T: time the log has been written (the request has finished)
305 ;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
306 ;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
307 ;      The strftime(3) format must be encapsuled in a %{<strftime_format>}t tag
308 ;      e.g. for a ISO8601 formatted timestring, use: %{%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%z}t
309 ;  %u: remote user
310 ;
311 ; Default: "%R - %u %t \"%m %r\" %s"
312 ;access.format = "%R - %u %t \"%m %r%Q%q\" %s %f %{mili}d %{kilo}M %C%%"
313 
314 ; The log file for slow requests
315 ; Default Value: not set
316 ; Note: slowlog is mandatory if request_slowlog_timeout is set
317 ;slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow
318 
319 ; The timeout for serving a single request after which a PHP backtrace will be
320 ; dumped to the slowlog file. A value of 0s means off.
321 ; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
322 ; Default Value: 0
323 ;request_slowlog_timeout = 0
324 
325 ; The timeout for serving a single request after which the worker process will
326 ; be killed. This option should be used when the max_execution_time ini option
327 ; does not stop script execution for some reason. A value of 0 means off.
328 ; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
329 ; Default Value: 0
330 ;request_terminate_timeout = 0
331 
332 ; Set open file descriptor rlimit.
333 ; Default Value: system defined value
334 ;rlimit_files = 1024
335 
336 ; Set max core size rlimit.
337 ; Possible Values: unlimited or an integer greater or equal to 0
338 ; Default Value: system defined value
339 ;rlimit_core = 0
340 
341 ; Chroot to this directory at the start. This value must be defined as an
342 ; absolute path. When this value is not set, chroot is not used.
343 ; Note: you can prefix with $prefix to chroot to the pool prefix or one
344 ; of its subdirectories. If the pool prefix is not set, the global prefix
345 ; will be used instead.
346 ; Note: chrooting is a great security feature and should be used whenever
347 ;       possible. However, all PHP paths will be relative to the chroot
348 ;       (error_log, sessions.save_path, ...).
349 ; Default Value: not set
350 ;chroot =
351 
352 ; Chdir to this directory at the start.
353 ; Note: relative path can be used.
354 ; Default Value: current directory or / when chroot
355 ;chdir = /var/www
356 
357 ; Redirect worker stdout and stderr into main error log. If not set, stdout and
358 ; stderr will be redirected to /dev/null according to FastCGI specs.
359 ; Note: on highloaded environement, this can cause some delay in the page
360 ; process time (several ms).
361 ; Default Value: no
362 ;catch_workers_output = yes
363 
364 ; Clear environment in FPM workers
365 ; Prevents arbitrary environment variables from reaching FPM worker processes
366 ; by clearing the environment in workers before env vars specified in this
367 ; pool configuration are added.
368 ; Setting to "no" will make all environment variables available to PHP code
369 ; via getenv(), $_ENV and $_SERVER.
370 ; Default Value: yes
371 ;clear_env = no
372 
373 ; Limits the extensions of the main script FPM will allow to parse. This can
374 ; prevent configuration mistakes on the web server side. You should only limit
375 ; FPM to .php extensions to prevent malicious users to use other extensions to
376 ; execute php code.
377 ; Note: set an empty value to allow all extensions.
378 ; Default Value: .php
379 ;security.limit_extensions = .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .php7
380 
381 ; Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH. All $VARIABLEs are taken from
382 ; the current environment.
383 ; Default Value: clean env
384 ;env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
385 ;env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
386 ;env[TMP] = /tmp
387 ;env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
388 ;env[TEMP] = /tmp
389 
390 ; Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers. These settings
391 ; overwrite the values previously defined in the php.ini. The directives are the
392 ; same as the PHP SAPI:
393 ;   php_value/php_flag             - you can set classic ini defines which can
394 ;                                    be overwritten from PHP call ini_set.
395 ;   php_admin_value/php_admin_flag - these directives wont be overwritten by
396 ;                                     PHP call ini_set
397 ; For php_*flag, valid values are on, off, 1, 0, true, false, yes or no.
398 
399 ; Defining extension will load the corresponding shared extension from
400 ; extension_dir. Defining disable_functions or disable_classes will not
401 ; overwrite previously defined php.ini values, but will append the new value
402 ; instead.
403 
404 ; Note: path INI options can be relative and will be expanded with the prefix
405 ; (pool, global or /usr)
406 
407 ; Default Value: nothing is defined by default except the values in php.ini and
408 ;                specified at startup with the -d argument
409 ;php_admin_value[sendmail_path] = /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -f [email protected]
410 ;php_flag[display_errors] = off
411 ;php_admin_value[error_log] = /var/log/fpm-php.www.log
412 ;php_admin_flag[log_errors] = on
413 ;php_admin_value[memory_limit] = 32M

 

nginx和php整合安装过程记录

标签:reason   base   named   nod   fast   cut   col   integer   launch   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/wanglijun/p/8696207.html


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