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【百家号】脸书百科,nginx通过https方式反向代理多实例tomcat Web程序

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案例说明:
前面一层nginx+Keepalived部署的LB,后端两台web服务器部署了多实例的tomcat,通过https方式部署nginx反向代理tomcat请求。配置一如下:

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1)LB层的nginx配置
 
访问http强制转到https
[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/nginx/conf/vhosts/80-www.kevin.com.conf
server {
         listen       80;
         server_name  kevin.com www.kevin.com;
 
         access_log   /data/nginx/logs/www .kevin.com-access.log main;
         error_log   /data/nginx/logs/www .kevin.com-error.log;
 
         error_page   500 502 503 504   /50x .html;
         location =  /50x .html {
             root   html;
         }
 
         return       301 https: // $server_name$request_uri;
}
 
 
https反向代理的配置
[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/nginx/conf/vhosts/443-www.kevin.com.conf
upstream scf_cluster {
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     server 192.168.10.21:9020;
     }
upstream portal_cluster {
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9040;
     server 192.168.10.21:9040;
     }
upstream file_cluster{
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     }
upstream workflow_cluster{
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     server 192.168.10.21:9020;
     }
upstream batch_cluster{
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     server 192.168.10.21:9020;
     }
 
server {
         listen       443;
         server_name  www.kevin.com;
 
         ssl on;
         ssl_certificate  /data/nginx/conf/ssl/kevin .cer;
         ssl_certificate_key  /data/nginx/conf/ssl/kevin .key;
         ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
         ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
         ssl_session_timeout  5m;
         ssl_ciphers  ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4:!DH:!DHE;
         ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
 
         access_log   /data/nginx/logs/www .kevin.com-access.log main;
         error_log   /data/nginx/logs/www .kevin.com-error.log;
 
         error_page   500 502 503 504   /50x .html;
         location =  /50x .html {
             root   html;
         }
 
        rewrite  /portal-pc  https: //www .kevin.com  break ;
 
        location / {
             proxy_pass http: //portal_cluster/portal-pc/ ;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_set_header Host $host;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
 
         }
 
             location  /scf  {
             proxy_pass http: //scf_cluster/scf ;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_set_header Host $host;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
 
         }
 
         location  /msdp-file  {
             proxy_pass http: //file_cluster/msdp-file ;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_set_header Host $host;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
 
         }
         
     location  /upload  {
             proxy_pass http: //file_cluster/upload ;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_set_header Host $host;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
 
         }
         
         location  /activiti-workflow-console  {
             proxy_pass http: //workflow_cluster/activiti-workflow-console ;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_set_header Host $host;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
 
         }
 
     location  /batch-framework-web  {
             proxy_pass http: //batch_cluster/batch-framework-web ;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_set_header Host $host;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
        
}
 
 
以上配置中,需要注意:
访问https: //www .kevin.com 要求和访问http: //192 .168.10.20:9040 /portal-pc/  结果一致
访问https: //www .kevin.com /portal-pc  要求和访问https: //www .kevin.com 结果一致
 
 
2)后端两台机器192.168.10.20和192.168.10.21的tomcat配置。两台配置一致,这里以192.168.10.20配置为例:
[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/release/projects/tomcat_app_9020/conf/server.xml
......
     <Connector port= "9020"  protocol= "HTTP/1.1"
                connectionTimeout= "20000"
                redirectPort= "8443"  URIEncoding= "UTF-8" />
......
     <Connector port= "9029"  protocol= "AJP/1.3"  redirectPort= "8443"  />
 
 
[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/release/projects/tomcat_portal_9040/conf/server.xml
......
<Connector port= "9040"  protocol= "HTTP/1.1"
                connectionTimeout= "20000"
                redirectPort= "4443"  URIEncoding= "UTF-8" />
......
     <Connector port= "9049"  protocol= "AJP/1.3"  redirectPort= "4443"  />
.....

===============================================================================
配置二:也可以采用如下proxy_redirect配置(指定修改被代理服务器返回的响应头中的location头域跟refresh头域数值)(注意下面proxy_redirect里由http -> https的代理返回设置)

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[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/nginx/conf/vhosts/443-www.kevin.com.conf
upstream scf_cluster {
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     server 192.168.10.21:9020;
     }
upstream portal_cluster {
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9040;
     server 192.168.10.21:9040;
     }
upstream file_cluster{
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     }
upstream workflow_cluster{
     ip_hash;
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     server 192.168.10.21:9020;
     }
upstream batch_cluster{
     server 192.168.10.20:9020;
     server 192.168.10.21:9020;
     }
   
server {
         listen       443;
         server_name  www.kevin.com;
   
         ssl on;
         ssl_certificate  /data/nginx/conf/ssl/bigtree .cer;
         ssl_certificate_key  /data/nginx/conf/ssl/bigtree .key;
         ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
         ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
         ssl_session_timeout  5m;
         ssl_ciphers  ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4:!DH:!DHE;
         ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
   
         access_log   /data/nginx/logs/www .kevin.com-access.log main;
         error_log   /data/nginx/logs/www .kevin.com-error.log;
   
         error_page   500 502 503 504   /50x .html;
         location =  /50x .html {
             root   html;
         }
   
         location  /scf  {
             proxy_pass http: //scf_cluster/scf ;
             proxy_redirect  http: //scf_cluster/scf  https: //www .kevin.com /scf ;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_connect_timeout 300;
             proxy_send_timeout 300;
             proxy_read_timeout 600;
             proxy_buffer_size 256k;
             proxy_buffers 4 256k;
             proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
         }
   
         location / {
             proxy_pass http: //portal_cluster/portal-pc/ ;
             proxy_redirect  http: //portal_cluster/portal-pc/  https: //www .kevin.com/;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_connect_timeout 300;
             proxy_send_timeout 300;
             proxy_read_timeout 600;
             proxy_buffer_size 256k;
             proxy_buffers 4 256k;
             proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
         }
   
         location  /msdp-file  {
             proxy_pass http: //file_cluster/msdp-file ;
             proxy_redirect  http: //file_cluster/msdp-file  https: //www .kevin.com /msdp-file ;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_connect_timeout 300;
             proxy_send_timeout 300;
             proxy_read_timeout 600;
             proxy_buffer_size 256k;
             proxy_buffers 4 256k;
             proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
         }
           
         location  /upload  {
             proxy_pass http: //file_cluster/upload ;
             proxy_redirect  http: //file_cluster/upload  https: //www .kevin.com /upload ;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_connect_timeout 300;
             proxy_send_timeout 300;
             proxy_read_timeout 600;
             proxy_buffer_size 256k;
             proxy_buffers 4 256k;
             proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
         }
           
         location  /activiti-workflow-console  {
             proxy_pass http: //workflow_cluster/activiti-workflow-console ;
             proxy_redirect  http: //workflow_cluster/activiti-workflow-console  https: //www .kevin.com /activiti-workflow-console ;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_connect_timeout 300;
             proxy_send_timeout 300;
             proxy_read_timeout 600;
             proxy_buffer_size 256k;
             proxy_buffers 4 256k;
             proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
         }
   
         location  /batch-framework-web  {
             proxy_pass http: //batch_cluster/batch-framework-web ;
             proxy_redirect  http: //batch_cluster/batch-framework-web  https: //www .kevin.com /batch-framework-web ;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_connect_timeout 300;
             proxy_send_timeout 300;
             proxy_read_timeout 600;
             proxy_buffer_size 256k;
             proxy_buffers 4 256k;
             proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
             proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
             proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
         }
}
 
======================温馨提示========================
上面启用了proxy_redirect配置(http->https),配置中就不需要 "proxy_set_header Host $host;" ,即不需要 "添加发往后端服务器的请求头" 的配置了

================================================================================
如上,配置了80端口的http访问强制跳转为443端口的https访问方式:
1)如果域名配置为https的访问方式,则上面配置一和配置二都可以。
2)如果域名配置为http的访问方式,则如上配置一后,访问的结果都只会跳转到https的首页,故这种情况下需如上配置二。

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如下,访问http: //bpm .kevin.com的结果只会在强制跳转为https: //www .kevin.com
[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/nginx/conf/vhosts/bpm.kevin.com.conf
upstream os-8080 {
       #ip_hash;
       server 192.168.10.20:8080 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=15s;
       server 192.168.10.21:8080 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=15s;
}
             
server {
       listen      80;
       server_name bpm.kevin.com;
       
       access_log   /data/nginx/logs/bpm .kevin.com-access.log main;
       error_log   /data/nginx/logs/bpm .kevin.com-error.log;
       
location / {
       proxy_pass http: //os-8080 ;
       proxy_redirect off ;
       proxy_set_header Host $host;
       proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
       proxy_set_header REMOTE-HOST $remote_addr;
       proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
       proxy_connect_timeout 300;
       proxy_send_timeout 300;
       proxy_read_timeout 600;
       proxy_buffer_size 256k;
       proxy_buffers 4 256k;
       proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
       proxy_temp_file_write_size 256k;
       proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
       proxy_max_temp_file_size 128m;
       #proxy_cache mycache;                             
       #proxy_cache_valid 200 302 1h;
       #proxy_cache_valid 301 1d;
       #proxy_cache_valid any 1m;
     }
       
     error_page   500 502 503 504   /50x .html;
     location =  /50x .html {
         root   html;
     }
}
   
   
如果想要访问http: //bpm .kevin.com的结果不强制跳转为https: //www .kevin.com,则需要启用proxy_redirect的配置:
[[email protected] ~] # cat /data/nginx/conf/vhosts/bpm.kevin.com.conf
upstream os-8080 {
       #ip_hash;
       server 192.168.10.20:8080 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=15s;
       server 192.168.10.21:8080 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=15s;
}
             
   server {
       listen      80;
       server_name bpm.kevin.com;
       
       access_log   /data/nginx/logs/bpm .kevin.com-access.log main;
       error_log   /data/nginx/logs/bpm .kevin.com-error.log;
       
  location / {
       proxy_pass http: //os-8080 ;
       proxy_set_header Host $host;     // 注意这个是http请求,没有http->https转发需求,必须要加上这个proxy_set_header设置,否则代理转发返回的头信息会有误!
       proxy_redirect  http: //os-8080/  http: //bpm .kevin.com/;
       proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
       proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
       proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504 http_404;
     }
   
     error_page   500 502 503 504   /50x .html;
     location =  /50x .html {
     root   html;
     }
}

===============================================================================
nginx做前端代理分发,tomcat处理请求。nginx反代tomcat实现https有二个方法

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一、nginx配置https,tomcat也配置https
1)nginx配置https
upstream https_tomcat_web { 
         server 127.0.0.1:8443; 
   
server { 
         listen       443; 
         server_name  www. test .com; 
         index index.html; 
         root    /var/www/html/test
   
         ssl on; 
         ssl_certificate  /etc/nginx/go .pem; 
         ssl_certificate_key  /etc/nginx/go .key; 
         ssl_session_timeout 5m; 
         ssl_protocols SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1.2; 
#        ssl_ciphers ALL:!ADH:!EXPORT56:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:+LOW:+SSLv2:+EXP; 
         ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4; 
         ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; 
   
         location ~ ^ /admin 
             proxy_pass https: //https_tomcat_web ;   // 是https的 
             proxy_redirect                      off; 
             proxy_set_header   Host             $host; 
             proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr; 
             proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; 
             client_max_body_size       100m; 
             client_body_buffer_size    256k; 
             proxy_connect_timeout      60; 
             proxy_send_timeout         30; 
             proxy_read_timeout         30; 
             proxy_buffer_size          8k; 
             proxy_buffers              8 64k; 
             proxy_busy_buffers_size    64k; 
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k; 
        
   
         error_page 404  /404 .html; 
         location =  /40x .html { 
        
   
         error_page 500 502 503 504  /50x .html; 
   
         location =  /50x .html { 
        
   
 
 
2)tomcat的https配置,配置文件server.xml
<Service name= "Catalina"
  <Connector port= "8001"  protocol= "HTTP/1.1" 
  connectionTimeout= "20000" 
  redirectPort= "8443"  /> 
   
  <Connector port= "8091" 
  protocol= "AJP/1.3" 
  redirectPort= "8443"  /> 
   
// 添加以下内容 
  <Connector port= "8443" 
  protocol= "HTTP/1.1" 
  SSLEnabled= "true" 
  scheme= "https" 
  secure= "false" 
  keystoreFile= "cert/gotom.pfx" 
  keystoreType= "PKCS12" 
  keystorePass= "214261272770418" 
  clientAuth= "false" 
  SSLProtocol= "TLSv1+TLSv1.1+TLSv1.2" 
  ciphers= "TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256"  /> 
   
  ..................省略.................... 
  < /Service
 
 
  配置好后重新启动nginx,tomcat,就可以https访问了,这也是现在比较常见采用的配置方式 。
 
 
 
二、nginx采用https,tomcat采用http
1)nginx配置https
upstream https_tomcat_web { 
         server 127.0.0.1:8001; 
   
server { 
         listen       443; 
         server_name  www. test .com; 
         index index.html; 
         root    /var/www/html/test
   
         ssl on; 
         ssl_certificate  /etc/nginx/go .pem; 
         ssl_certificate_key  /etc/nginx/go .key; 
         ssl_session_timeout 5m; 
         ssl_protocols SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1.2; 
#        ssl_ciphers ALL:!ADH:!EXPORT56:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:+LOW:+SSLv2:+EXP; 
         ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4; 
         ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; 
   
         location ~ ^ /admin 
             proxy_pass http: //https_tomcat_web ;   // 是http的 
             proxy_redirect                      off; 
             proxy_set_header   Host             $host; 
             proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr; 
             proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; 
             client_max_body_size       100m; 
             client_body_buffer_size    256k; 
             proxy_connect_timeout      60; 
             proxy_send_timeout         30; 
             proxy_read_timeout         30; 
             proxy_buffer_size          8k; 
             proxy_buffers              8 64k; 
             proxy_busy_buffers_size    64k; 
             proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k; 
        
   
         error_page 404  /404 .html; 
         location =  /40x .html { 
        
   
         error_page 500 502 503 504  /50x .html; 
   
         location =  /50x .html { 
        
   
 
2)tomcat的http配置,配置文件server.xml
<Service name= "Catalina"
  <Connector port= "8001"  protocol= "HTTP/1.1" 
  connectionTimeout= "20000" 
  redirectPort= "443"  />     // 在这里重新定向到了443端口 
   
  <Connector port= "8091" 
  protocol= "AJP/1.3" 
  redirectPort= "443"  /> 
   
  ..................省略.................... 
  < /Service
重启nginx,tomcat,https就配置好了。

=====================Nginx非80端口代理转发配置=======================
注意:nginx使用非80端口转发时,proxy_set_header配置中的$host后面一定要跟端口!如下篇配置(proxy_set_header Host $host:8080; )。否则访问会有问题!(当https访问时,已配置了http强转https,则$host后面不需加443端口)。

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[[email protected] vhosts] # cat fax.kevin.com.conf
upstream fax {
       server 192.168.10.34:8080;
}
           
   server {
       listen      8080;
       server_name fax.kevin.com;
     
       access_log   /data/nginx/logs/fax .kevin.com-access.log main;
       error_log   /data/nginx/logs/fax .kevin.com-error.log;
 
     location / {
             proxy_pass http: //fax ;
             proxy_set_header Host $host:8080;
             proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
             proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto http;
             proxy_redirect off;
 
         }
 
         error_page   500 502 503 504   /50x .html;
         location =  /50x .html {
             root   html;
         }
}

nginx通过https方式反向代理多实例tomcat

标签:stream   pass   erro   html   ECDHE   使用   secure   fresh   share   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/wuhg/p/9372631.html


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